Are Hognose Snakes Legal in Ontario -

Are Hognose Snakes Legal in Ontario

The eastern pig-nosed snake and other robust, rear-facing snakes were included in the Colubridae family, but recently placed in the Xenodontiidae family. The Eastern Pig-nosed Snake is currently listed as Threatened under Ontario`s Endangered Species Act, 2007 and threatened under the Federal Species at Risk Act. The species has also been designated as a specially protected reptile under Ontario`s Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. These laws protect individuals and their habitat. Habitat for this species is also protected in Ontario by the Provincial Policy Statement under the Planning Act. The International Union for Conservation of Nature considers the global status of the Eastern Pig-Nosed Snake to be the least concerning. The status of the species was last confirmed in 2007. For more information on the legal protection of endangered species in Ontario, please visit our Legal Protection page. The soil characteristics of pig-nosed snake habitat predispose these sites to conversion to agricultural fields and local recreational areas on the water. As a result, much of the historic eastern pig-nosed snake habitat in southern Ontario has been destroyed, and the remaining habitat is under constant development pressure due to these human land uses. Human persecution is also a serious threat to this species. Uninformed humans often kill Eastern pig-nosed snakes, confusing their defensive display with that of a dangerous species. These snakes often use beach habitats, which increases the risk of persecution as many people also use these areas.

Road mortality is also a threat to this species, and high mortality rates have been documented on some Ontario roads. The Eastern Pig-nosed Snake breeds in spring and late summer. In June or July, females lay between seven and 37 eggs, although on average 10-18 eggs, in burrows in sandy soil, which the snake digs up with its inverted snout. This species can also lay eggs in decaying tree trunks or under rocks or leaves. The eggs hatch after about two months, and the young are about 20 centimeters long at birth. In Ontario, eastern pig-nosed snakes mature after four or five years, but in warmer climates, this can be the case in as little as two years. Individuals can live in the wild for up to seven years. Eastern pig-nosed snakes hibernate underground under the frost line, often in caves that they dig in sandy soil. It is not known if this species overwinters together. It should be noted that Hognose snakes died as a last resort and will accept the fate of death when this point is reached, so to anyone who wants to buy a Hognose like me, Please do not let a Hognose play dead! (The exceptions are that young people can play the dead when they have first human contact because they don`t know what humans are. Be smart and look for snakes of all kinds that you want to own.) Leave the snakes and their habitat alone.

Inform others about the fate of the Eastern Pig-Nosed Snake. Exotic animals are becoming increasingly popular among those looking for an animal companion that is a little more outside the mainstream than cats, dogs and goldfish – through there are some animals that should definitely not be taken into account when looking for a pet due to factors such as welfare and cruelty to animals, environmental impacts and public health and safety. It is illegal to own a number of exotic animals in Canada, although exotic animal regulations and laws can vary greatly from province to province and even municipality to municipality. Described by an expert as a “patchwork” of regulations, exotic pet ownership is certainly not uniform across the country, so it`s important that you do your research and learn what`s allowed for your situation before you bring a pet home. With that in mind, here are some of the exotic animals that may be illegal in your province or city in Canada. Five points if you can correctly guess where Mexican hognosse snakes live! Under Ontario`s Endangered Species Act, 2007, it is illegal to harass, catch, buy, sell, possess or kill the Eastern Pig-Nosed Snake. This species is also protected under Ontario`s Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. The eastern pig-nosed snake (Heterodon platirhinos) has an unmistakably inverted snout, which gives this species its name.

The coloration and patterns of this species are highly variable. Some people may have alternating dark spots on the back and sides on a lighter background, which can be olive, brown, yellow, brown or gray. Others may have no pattern and are monochrome, usually olive or gray. Although spots on the back and sides may be absent in some people, there is always a large spot behind each eye. This thick snake has a wide neck, which it flattens during its defensive appearance (similar to the hood of a cobra). The scales of the oriental pig-nosed snake are keeled (ribbed in the middle), and the underside of the tail is noticeably lighter than the abdomen. These snakes can reach a little more than a meter in length. Other names: Eastern Snake, Heterodon platyrhinos browni, Heterodon browni, Heterodon platyrhinos platyrhinos In Ontario, the Eastern Fox Snake, Massasauga and Milky Snake also have spots that run back and to the sides, and the Northern Water Snake may have weak bands. However, not all of these species have inverted snouts, which is unique to the eastern pig-nosed snake in Ontario snakes. It is also the only snake in the province that can flatten its neck into a “hood” like a cobra does. Remember that this is a legally protected species. An Eastern Hognose snake in Wisconsin.

Photo taken by Alex Harman and uploaded to iNaturalist. View an interactive map of known ranges of pig-nosed snakes in Ontario. Read the Government`s response statement (July 9, 2012). The Eastern Pig-nosed Snake is protected under the Federal Endangered Species Act (PPA) and Ontario`s Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. According to this law, it is forbidden to kill, harass or catch this species. Populations are found in Pinery, Rondeau and Long Point Provincial Parks. The Eastern Pig-Nosed Snake is a thick, non-toxic snake that can grow up to one meter long. Some individuals are colorful and have distinct black-brown spots, while others are monotonous in appearance. The easiest way to identify this snake is through its distinctive inverted nose and behavioral representations. When this harmless snake feels threatened by predators or humans, it curls up, flattens its head and neck in a cobra-shaped hood, inflates its body, whistles loudly and hits, but always with its mouth closed. If this frightening display does not frighten the predator or person, the snake rolls and plays dead.

Read the abstract and the full document (December 7, 2011). The biggest threats to the Eastern Pig-Nosed Snake are habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as human persecution. The impressive cobra imitation of this harmless snake is so convincing that people often consider it dangerous. Road mortality is a growing threat to this species. Eastern pig-nosed snake populations are also likely to fluctuate with changes in toad populations. When disturbed, the snake with the nose of an eastern pig raises its head, flattens its neck like a cobra, whistles loudly and rushes towards the threat. This snake keeps its mouth shut during these bluffs. If this impressive depiction does not frighten a potential predator, the snake can roll on its back and play dead with a gaping mouth and tongue lying around, emitting a foul smell and sometimes defecating or eructing food.

This behavior is designed to deter predators who do not eat dead or rotten animals. If the Eastern pig-nosed snake is turned on its stomach, it will immediately turn on its back and play dead again. Found in a variety of habitats – preferably sandy areas, where its main food source, toads, is located. The Eastern Pig-nosed Snake was already classified as threatened when the Endangered Species Act came into force in 2008. “Threatened” means that the species lives in the wild in Ontario, is not endangered, but is likely to become endangered unless action is taken to address the factors that threaten it. It has its common name of long scales on its nose that give it an upside down muzzle. Elderly individuals can be one meter long, and their body is thick. They prefer sandy and well-drained habitats such as beaches and dry forests, because here they lay their eggs in caves and hibernate there. Read the report on progress in the protection and recovery of six endangered species, including the Eastern Pig-nosed Snake (2017). Threatened species and their general habitat are automatically protected. The Eastern Pig-Nosed Snake specializes in hunting and eating toads and is usually found only where toads can be found. Eastern pig-nosed snakes prefer sandy, well-drained habitats such as beaches and dry forests, where they can lay their eggs and hibernate.

They use their upward-facing snouts to dig caves below the frost line in the sand where the eggs are laid. Eastern pig-nosed snakes in coastal areas often depend on driftwood and other ground covers in beach and beach dune habitats where toads, their favorite prey, are found. The Eastern Pig-nosed Snake uses a very soft venom to immobilize its prey. As it swallows its prey, the snake injects its venom through fangs at the back of its mouth. This species cannot inject poison into larger animals such as humans unless it is allowed to hold for a certain time (for example, on a hand or finger). Its poison is not dangerous for humans. The Eastern Pig-nosed Snake (Heterodon platirhinos) is sometimes mistaken for a cobra because when threatened, it lifts up and flattens its neck. It can turn out when disturbed, but rarely bites, and it is not toxic.